CS is called “clinical stage” since it does not involve the findings of pathologic examination, which is usually the result of microscopic evaluation.
According to the results of research,
Clinical stage was assigned incorrectly in 1370 of 3875 men (35.4%). Errors more commonly resulted in patient downstaging than upstaging (55.1% vs 44.9%; P < .001). Patients with TRUS lesions were more likely to be staged incorrectly than those with abnormal DRE findings (65.8% vs 38.2%; P < .001). Biopsy laterality was found to strongly influence stage assignment. Even after correction of staging errors, there was no association noted between clinical stage and biochemical disease recurrence after radical prostatectomy.The researchers conclude that;
Errors in applying clinical staging criteria for localized prostate cancer are common. TRUS findings are frequently disregarded, and practitioners incorrectly incorporate biopsy results when assigning stage. However, staging errors do not appear to account for the inconsistent reliability of clinical stage in predicting prostate cancer outcomes. These findings further challenge the utility of a DRE‐based and/or TRUS‐based staging system for risk assessment of localized prostate cancer.Cancer 2010. © 2010 American Cancer Society.The complete study is published online ahead of the print edition of the journal Cancer.