Cancer is not just one disease. It is a group of more than 100 different and distinctive diseases. Bringing together data, related to cancer, in an organized manner, is the task of ONCOWIKIA.

Saturday, February 18, 2012

MicroCHIPS,, Implanted Remote-Controlled Drug Delivery

Seven osteoporosis patients in Denmark, as a part of a clinical trial, received their daily doses of medicine without having to visit the doctor nor having to administer it themselves. Via a remote controlled device implanted in their body, their physician administered treatment remotely while the patients were at home.
These abdominal implants that the women received were made by MicroCHIPS, a Waltham, Massachusetts based company. The device, during this clinical trial, over a period of four months, delivered 20 daily doses of teriparatide, a hormone treatment that improves bone formation and reduces the risk of fracture. The trial, proved that the remote injections worked just as well as in-person injections.
The research is published in the February 15 issue of Science Translational Medicine. It was also presented at the annual American Association for the Advancement of Science meeting, which is being held in Vancouver, B.C.

MicroCHIPS Press release;

MicroCHIPS Announces Clinical Results for First Successful Human Trial
Of Implantable, Wireless Microchip Drug Delivery Device

  • Study Validates Microchip Approach to Multi-Year Drug Delivery Without Injections
  • Novel Technology Supports Improved Patient Outcomes and Remote Medicine

Editors Note: Digital Images/Video of MicroCHIPS device available.

WALTHAM, Mass – February 16, 2012 – MicroCHIPS, Inc., a developer of implantable drug delivery devices and biosensors, announces today the results of the first successful human clinical trial with an implantable, wirelessly controlled and programmable microchip-based drug delivery device. The MicroCHIPS study was published in today’s online edition of the journal Science Translational Medicine.

"These data validate the microchip approach to multi-year drug delivery without the need for frequent injections, which can improve the management of many chronic diseases like osteoporosis where adherence to therapy is a significant problem," said study lead author Robert Farra, MicroCHIPS President and Chief Operating Officer. "We look forward to making further progress to advance our first device toward regulatory approvals, as well as developing a range of products for use in important disease areas such as osteoporosis, cardiovascular disease, multiple sclerosis, cancer, and chronic pain."

In the trial, post menopausal women diagnosed with osteoporosis received daily doses of the marketed osteoporosis drug teriparatide through microchip delivery rather than daily injection. The drug released from the implanted microchip demonstrated similar measures of safety and therapeutic levels in blood to what is observed from standard, recommended multiple subcutaneous injections of teriparatide.

In the study, seven osteoporotic postmenopausal patients between the ages of 65 and 70 received the microchip-based implant. The primary objective of the clinical trial was to assess the pharmacokinetics (PK) of the released drug teriparatide from the implanted devices. Safety measures included evaluation of the biological response to the implant and monitoring indicators of toxicity. Secondary objectives were to assess the bioactivity of the drug and to evaluate the reliability and reproducibility of releasing the drug from the device.

The device and drug combination were found to be biocompatible with no adverse immune reaction. The resulting PK profiles from the implant were comparable to and had less variation than the PK profiles of multiple, recommended subcutaneous injections of teriparatide. The study also demonstrated that the programmable implant was able to deliver the drug at scheduled intervals. Drug delivery and evaluation in patients occurred over a one month period and provided proof-of-concept measures of drug release and device durability that support implantable device viability for 12 months or more.

The microchip device was implanted and explanted using local anesthetic. Patient surveys found that the microchip device was well-tolerated, and patients indicated that they would repeat the implant procedure. "Each procedure lasted less than 30 minutes," said treating surgeon Pia Georg Jensen, MD. "The patients were able to walk out of the facility and go home unescorted."

To assess efficacy and improvement in bone fracture risk, the study measured biological markers of bone formation (P1NP), and bone resorption (CTX). In the study, changes in serum calcium, P1NP, and CTX resulting from drug implant therapy were found to be qualitatively and quantitatively similar to those reported in previous studies during daily subcutaneous injections of teriparatide.

"A microchip that continues to deliver teriparatide with this or similar consistency and efficiency over 12 to 24 months could improve bone mass, density, architecture, and strength," said study co-author Robert Neer, Founder & Director of the Massachusetts General Hospital Bone Density Center and Associate Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School.

Implantable medical devices such as pacemakers and pain pumps perform important functions to help patients return to a healthier state and to manage their disease. The design of a next-generation microchip drug delivery device is the only approach to an implantable device that can be wirelessly programmed to release drugs inside the body without percutaneous connections in or on the patient. An implantable microchip device also provides real-time dose schedule tracking, and as part of a network, physicians can remotely adjust treatment schedules as necessary.

"This trial demonstrates how drug can be delivered through an implantable device that can be monitored and controlled remotely, providing new opportunities to improve treatment for patients and to realize the potential of telemedicine," said study co-author Robert Langer, ScD, Institute Professor at the David H. Koch Institute for Integrative Cancer Research at MIT, and cofounder of MicroCHIPS, Inc. "The convergence of drug delivery and electronic technologies gives physicians a real-time connection to their patient’s health, and patients are freed from the daily reminder, or burden, of disease by eliminating the need for regular injections."

MicroCHIPS is currently developing new designs of its microchip-based implant to include as many as 400 doses per device providing daily dosing for one year or multi-year therapy for less frequent dosing regimens. Components of the original microchip technology, such as the array of micro reservoirs used to contain drug and the first microchip opening mechanism, were developed at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and licensed to MicroCHIPS.

The study with the implantable microchip in osteoporosis patients was funded and managed by MicroCHIPS. In addition to osteoporosis, the company is advancing applications for the microchip device for other therapeutic applications in proprietary programs and through strategic partnerships. The company plans to file for regulatory approval for its first microchip device in 2014.

About MicroCHIPS
MicroCHIPS, Inc. is enabling remote medicine through its electronic, wirelessly controlled implanted devices. These implants are designed to improve the health of millions of people with critical conditions that require careful monitoring and therapy. The microchip-based implants can sense vital biochemical changes, deliver potent drug therapies and wirelessly communicate status to networked patients and clinicians. The technologies use microreservoir arrays to hermetically store and protect pharmaceuticals or sensors for extended periods of time. The microchip is controlled by microprocessors, wireless communications or sensor feedback loops for precise, dynamic control of drug delivery or sensing. MicroCHIPS has a deep portfolio of intellectual property including more than 85 issued or pending patents with coverage in the US, Europe, the Far East and throughout the world. MircoCHIPS is funded by leading venture capital firms Flybridge Capital Partners, InterWest, Intersouth Partners, Medtronic and Polaris Venture Partners.

# # #

For more information, contact:

Barbara Yates
(781) 258-6153

Tuesday, October 4, 2011

Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) Responsible For Rising Oropharyngeal Cancer In The USA?

HPV which is responsible for cervical cancer now appear to be responsible for throat cancer. A Research team tested tumor samples from 271 patients with throat cancer diagnosed from 1984 to 2004. The Human papilloma virus was found in only 16% of the samples that were from the 1980s and increased to 72% of the samples collected during 2000s.

The researchers estimated that over all, throat cancers caused by the virus have increased to 2.6 per 100,000 people in 2004 from 0.8 cases per 100,000 people in 1988. If the trend continues, by 2020 the virus will be causing more throat cancer than cervical cancer, the study concluded.

There are two vaccines Gardasil and Cervarix, targetting HPV Type 16 and other strains of the HPV but they are only for girls, to protect them from cervical cancer. Now doctors say it might be a good idea to administer the vaccines to boys as well.

See th editorial doi: 10.1200/JCO.2011.37.8893; listen to the podcast by Dr Gillison at

Monday, October 3, 2011

New Companion Diagnostic for Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer From LabCorp.

BURLINGTON, N.C.-Laboratory Corporation of America® Holdings (LabCorp®) (NYSE: LH) announced today the nationwide availability of a new FDA-approved companion diagnostic for lung cancer patients.

The drug XALKORI®, available from Pfizer, and Abbott Molecular’s Vysis ALK Break Apart FISH Probe companion diagnostic test were simultaneously approved by the FDA on August 26, 2011 for use in patients with advanced ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The Vysis ALK Break Apart FISH Probe test detects all ALK gene rearrangements and is the only available diagnostic assay that has been clinically validated to predict response to the targeted therapy XALKORI. An estimated 6,500-11,000 individual will develop advanced ALK-positive NSCLC in the United States in 2011.

“2011 has been an important year for personalized medicine,” indicated Dr. Mark Brecher, LabCorp's Chief Medical Officer. “The recent approval of XALKORI for NSCLC and its companion test demonstrates how laboratory diagnostics will play an even larger role in cancer care, assisting physicians in administering the treatments best suited to the disease.”

Approximately 3% to 5% of NSCLC tumors are characterized by genetic rearrangements in a gene called ALK. The ALK gene encodes a key cell signaling protein, and when altered by a rearrangement that combines ALK with other gene sequences, the pathway becomes constitutively active and drives cell proliferation and uncontrolled growth. The drug XALKORI inhibits the mutant ALK protein, and thereby diminishes the ability of the cancer cells to grow and divide. There is limited efficacy data in patients that lack the ALK rearrangement and a clinically validated companion diagnostic is essential for identifying which patients will benefit from therapy. The new FDA-approved Vysis ALK Break Apart FISH Probe Kit for XALKORI detects a specific rearrangement in the ALK gene using a technique called fluorescence in-situ hybridization (FISH). The Vysis ALK Break Apart FISH Probe Kit has been optimized only for identifying and quantifying rearrangements of the ALK gene from formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded human NSCLC tissue specimens.

LabCorp’s Center for Molecular Biology and Pathology (CMBP), was instrumental in the studies supporting the approval of this new companion diagnostic. CMBP collaborated with Abbott Molecular in the analytical validation of the ALK companion diagnostic. LabCorp’s Esoterix Clinical Trials Services provided testing for tumor samples in these studies that supported FDA approval.

The Vysis ALK Break Apart FISH Probe test is now available for patient testing nation-wide through LabCorp.

About LabCorp®

Laboratory Corporation of America® Holdings, an S&P 500 company, is a pioneer in commercializing new diagnostic technologies and the first in its industry to embrace genomic testing. With annual revenues of $5.0 billion in 2010, over 31,000 employees worldwide, and more than 220,000 clients, LabCorp offers a broad test menu ranging from routine blood analyses to reproductive genetics to DNA sequencing. LabCorp furthers its scientific expertise and innovative clinical testing technology with its Centers of Excellence: The Center for Molecular Biology and Pathology, National Genetics Institute, ViroMed Laboratories, Inc., The Center for Esoteric Testing, Litholink Corporation, Genzyme GeneticsSM*, DIANON Systems, Inc., US LABS, Monogram Biosciences, Inc., and Esoterix and its Colorado Coagulation, Endocrine Sciences, and Cytometry Associates laboratories. LabCorp conducts clinical trials testing through its Esoterix Clinical Trials Services division. LabCorp clients include physicians, government agencies, managed care organizations, hospitals, clinical labs, and pharmaceutical companies. To learn more about our organization, visit our Web site at:

*Genzyme Genetics and its logo are trademarks of Genzyme Corporation and used by Esoterix Genetic Laboratories, LLC, a wholly-owned subsidiary of LabCorp, under license. Esoterix Genetic Laboratories and LabCorp are operated independently from Genzyme Corporation.

XALKORI is a trademark of Pfizer.

This press release contains forward-looking statements. Each of the forward-looking statements is subject to change based on various important factors, including without limitation, competitive actions in the marketplace and adverse actions of governmental and other third-party payors. Actual results could differ materially from those suggested by these forward-looking statements. Further information on potential factors that could affect LabCorp’s financial results is included in the Company’s Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2010, and subsequent SEC filings.

Investor/Media Contact:
Stephen Anderson, 336-436-5274
Company Information:

Monday, September 12, 2011

Two doses of the Cervarix vaccine for human papilloma virus (HPV) is as effective as multiple dozes.

Two doses of the vaccine Cervarix targeting human papilloma virus (HPV) were discovered to be as effective as the current standard three-dose regimen after four years of follow-up, according to researchers from the National Cancer Institute (NCI), part of the National Institutes of Health, and their colleagues. The results of the study, based on data from a community-based clinical trial of Cervarix in Costa Rica, appeared online Sept.9, 2011, in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.
Worldwide, approximately 500,000 new cases of cervical cancer are diagnosed every year, and about 250,000 women die from the disease. An overwhelming majority of these new cases and deaths occur in low-resource countries. Virtually all cases of cervical cancer are caused by persistent infection with HPV. Cervarix is one of two vaccines approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for the prevention of cervical cancer caused by HPV types 16 and 18, which together account for 70 percent of all cervical cancer cases. The vaccine is intended to be administered in three doses given over the course of six months. To date, investigators have observed up to eight years of protection from persistent HPV infection with the vaccine. Studies are ongoing to determine the maximum length of protection.

Thursday, September 8, 2011

Overcoming Cetuximab Resistance In Cancer Treatment Possible With ERBB2 inhibitors.

Kimio Yonesaka, MD, PhD, formerly of Dana-Farber and now at Kinki University School of Medicine, in Osaka, Japan, together with other scientists including Pasi Jänne, MD, PhD, of Dana-Farber , have discovered a pair of backup circuits in cancer cells that enable the cells to bypass the effect of a widely used cancer drug cetuximab, an antibody that interferes with cancer cell growth by blocking a structure known as the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR).
Their research found out that interfering the said backup circuits ERBB2 with targeted therapies may heighten or restore the cetuximab’s potency. The paper covering the study is published in the Sept. 7 issue of Science Translational Medicine.
"ERBB2 activates a critical signaling pathway that is not normally blocked by cetuximab, and in this way subverts cetuximab’s function, Because ERBB2 isn’t affected by cetuximab, this is an easy way for cancers to become resistant to the drug."" says Jänne, the study's co-senior author with Kazuhiko Nakagawa, MD, PhD, of Kinki University.
"We hope the findings of our study will inspire the development of clinical trials aimed at overcoming cetuximab resistance, We've identified biomarkers that can be used to select cetuximab-resistant patients who may benefit from a combination of cetuximab and ERBB2 inhibitors."" Yonesaka remarks.

Abstract from Science Translational Medicine.
Cetuximab, an antibody directed against the epidermal growth factor receptor, is an effective clinical therapy for patients with colorectal, head and neck, and non–small cell lung cancer, particularly for those with KRAS and BRAF wild-type cancers. Treatment in all patients is limited eventually by the development of acquired resistance, but little is known about the underlying mechanism. Here, we show that activation of ERBB2 signaling in cell lines, either through ERBB2 amplification or through heregulin up-regulation, leads to persistent extracellular signal–regulated kinase 1/2 signaling and consequently to cetuximab resistance. Inhibition of ERBB2 or disruption of ERBB2/ERBB3 heterodimerization restores cetuximab sensitivity in vitro and in vivo. A subset of colorectal cancer patients who exhibit either de novo or acquired resistance to cetuximab-based therapy has ERBB2 amplification or high levels of circulating heregulin. Collectively, these findings identify two distinct resistance mechanisms, both of which promote aberrant ERBB2 signaling, that mediate cetuximab resistance. Moreover, these results suggest that ERBB2 inhibitors, in combination with cetuximab, represent a rational therapeutic strategy that should be assessed in patients with cetuximab-resistant cancers. 

Dana-Farber Press Release;

September 07, 2011 Scientists at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and colleagues overseas have discovered a pair of backup circuits in cancer cells that enable the cells to dodge the effect of a widely used cancer drug. Jamming those circuits with targeted therapies may heighten or restore the drug’s potency, according to a study published in the Sept. 7 issue of Science Translational Medicine.
The research focused on the drug cetuximab, an antibody that interferes with cancer cell growth by blocking a structure known as the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR). Cetuximab is effective in many patients with colorectal cancer or squamous cell cancer of the head and neck, but the benefits rarely last longer than a year, and some patients receive no benefit from the drug.
Until now, scientists haven't known why cancers that initially respond to cetuximab become resistant to it, or how to overcome such resistance.

In the new study, researchers led by Pasi Jänne, MD, PhD, of Dana-Farber and Kimio Yonesaka, MD, PhD, formerly of Dana-Farber and now at Kinki University School of Medicine, in Osaka, Japan, found that in some cetuximab-resistant cancer cells, a protein known as ERBB2 was actively sending "grow" signals, circumventing the "stop growing" signals triggered by cetuximab. The researchers discovered that ERBB2's activity sprang from an oversupply of the protein’s parent gene, Her2/neu, or by a related protein, ERBB3, when prompted by high levels of the protein heregulin. In both cases, the new growth messages are unaffected by cetuximab.
"ERBB2 activates a critical signaling pathway that is not normally blocked by cetuximab, and in this way subverts cetuximab’s function," says Jänne, the study's co-senior author with Kazuhiko Nakagawa, MD, PhD, of Kinki University. "Because ERBB2 isn’t affected by cetuximab, this is an easy way for cancers to become resistant to the drug."

The findings suggest that combining cetuximab with ERBB2-inhibiting drugs could be an effective therapy for cancers that are cetuximab-resistant from the start or for those that become resistant over time, the study authors say. Several such inhibitors have already been approved, while others are undergoing clinical study.
"We hope the findings of our study will inspire the development of clinical trials aimed at overcoming cetuximab resistance," Yonesaka remarks. "We've identified biomarkers that can be used to select cetuximab-resistant patients who may benefit from a combination of cetuximab and ERBB2 inhibitors."
Jänne estimates that up to 40 percent of colorectal cancers are cetuximab-resistant when first diagnosed. He notes that although the ERBB2 pathway may be responsible for many cases of cetuximab resistance, there are undoubtedly other pathways, yet to be discovered, that play a similar role. Further research is needed to confirm ERBB2's role in cetuximab resistance and to develop strategies for testing ERBB2 inhibitors and cetuximab in clinical trials.
Funding for the study was provided by grants from the National Institutes of Health, the American Cancer Society, the William Randolph Hearst Foundation, and the Hazel and Samuel Bellin research fund.
Co-authors of the paper include Kreshnik Zejnullahu, Dalia Ercan, Andrew Rogers, Juliet Philips, MS, Jason Sun, Takafumi Okabe, MD, PhD, Jeffrey Swanson, MD, and Ramesh Shivdasani, MD, PhD, Dana-Farber; Isamu Okamoto, MD, PhD, Taroh Satoh, MD, Masayuki Takeda, MD, PhD, Yasuhito Fujisaka, MD, Toshio Shimizu, MD, PhD, Osamu Maenishi, Hiroyuki Itoh, MD, Kiyotaka Okuno, MD, Minoru Takada, MD, Masahiro Fukuoka, MD, and Kazuto Nishio, MD, PhD, Kinki University, Osaka, Japan; Federico Cappuzzo, MD, Massimo Roncalli, MD, and Annarita Destro, PhD, Instituto Clinico Humanitas, Rozzano, Italy; John Souglakos, MD, PhD, University of Crete, Heraklion, Greece; Yonggon Cho, and Marileila Varella-Garcia, University of Colorado Cancer Center, Denver; Koichi Taira, MD, and Koji Takeda, MD, Osaka City General Hospital, Japan; and Eugene Lifshits and Jeffrey Engelman, MD, PhD, Massachusetts General Hospital.
cetuximab  (From NCI Drug Dictionary) 
A recombinant, chimeric monoclonal antibody directed against the epidermal growth factor (EGFR) with antineoplastic activity. Cetuximab binds to the extracellular domain of the EGFR, thereby preventing the activation and subsequent dimerization of the receptor; the decrease in receptor activation and dimerization may result in an inhibition in signal transduction and anti-proliferative effects. This agent may inhibit EGFR-dependent primary tumor growth and metastasis. EGFR is overexpressed on the cell surfaces of various solid tumors. Check for active clinical trials or closed clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)

Synonyms:Anti-EGFR Monoclonal Antibody
Anti-Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Monoclonal Antibody
C225 monoclonal antibody
Chimeric Anti-EGFR Monoclonal Antibody
Chimeric Monoclonal Antibody C225
Immunoglobulin G1, anti-(human epidermal growth factor receptor) (human-mouse monoclonal C225 gamma1-chain), disulfide with human-mouse monoclonal C225 kappa-chain, dimer
monoclonal antibody C225
US brand name:Erbitux
Abbreviations:Chimeric MoAb C225
Code names:C225

Wednesday, August 24, 2011

P53 Gene Mutations Found To Play Major Role In Early Cancer

Mutations to a gene called p53 have been linked to half of all cancers, leading to tumor growth and the spread of cancerous cells.

Now, a Cornell-led study identifies for the first time the mechanisms by which p53 controls cell movement and invasion into other areas of the body.

Using cultures of ovarian surface epithelium cells, where ovarian cancer originates, the researchers found that when they inactivated the p53 gene, the cells began to move and invade the underlying gelatinous protein mixture used in the lab that resembles an extracellular tissue environment.

"People thought that cell motility and invasion were part of later stages of cancer, but we show that this characteristic can be found in cells at the very beginning of cancer formation," said Chang-Il Hwang, lead author of the paper recently published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences and a graduate student in the lab of Cornell biomedical sciences professor and senior author Alexander Nikitin.

Under normal circumstances, p53 regulates the expression of a receptor protein called MET. But when p53 mutates, MET overexpresses, leading to cell movement and invasive growth. The researchers found two distinct pathways by which p53 regulates and suppresses MET.

"One of the next steps is to study ways to inhibit MET," said Hwang. "Our findings support the idea that suppression of MET could be a particularly reasonable and effective approach to controlling cancer carrying p53 mutations. We hope our findings can be generalized into other types of cancer as well."

In tests, the researchers found the p53 and MET network were consistent in both lung and colon cancer.

Mutations of p53 take many forms, with the most common mutation affecting one of the pathways that regulates MET but not the other pathway. By understanding how different p53 mutations affect each of the two pathways, researchers may one day develop individualized cancer therapies by suppressing MET, said Hwang.

"Different p53 mutations may affect the cancer from different angles," he added.

The study was funded by the National Institutes of Health, the Marsha Rivkin Center for Ovarian Cancer, Cornell's College of Veterinary Medicine and the Ovarian Cancer Research Fund.

Wednesday, August 10, 2011

FDA Rejection Of Exelbine For Treating Non-small Cell Lung Cancer Affects ADVENTRX Pharmaceuticals Share Prices

ADVENTRX Pharmaceuticals Inc. (Amex:ANX) Fell hard due to the new about FDA Rejection of New Drug Application For Lung Cancer Treatment; Shares Drop -1.48 (57.87%) @ 11:18AM EDT.
ADVENTRX Pharmaceuticals Inc. will hold a conference call and a webcast;

Conference Call and Webcast

ADVENTRX will hold a conference call on Wednesday, August 10, 2011 beginning at 8:30 a.m. Eastern time to review the developments discussed in this news release and answer questions. Individuals interested in listening to the conference call may do so by dialing (800) 860-2442 for domestic callers, (412) 858-4600 for international callers and requesting the ADVENTRX Pharmaceuticals Update Call, or, from the webcast on the investor relations section of the Company's Web site at A telephone replay will be available for five days approximately one hour after the conclusion of the call by dialing (877) 344-7529 for domestic callers, or (412) 317-0088 for international callers, and entering conference number 10003222. The webcast will be available on the Company's Web site for 30 days following the completion of the call.

Press Release;

SAN DIEGO, Aug. 9, 2011 /PRNewswire/ -- ADVENTRX Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (NYSE Amex: ANX) announced today that it received a complete response letter from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regarding the Company's New Drug Application (NDA) for Exelbine (vinorelbine injectable emulsion) for the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer.

The FDA determined that it could not approve the Exelbine NDA in its present form. In particular, the complete response letter noted that, based on inspections at clinical sites, the authenticity of the drug products used in the pivotal bioequivalence trial (Study 530-01) could not be verified, which placed the results of the trial into question. The letter stated that the bioequivalence trial will need to be repeated to address this deficiency.

In addition, the FDA requested information regarding product quality, or CMC matters. All CMC information requests in the complete response letter were the subject of FDA inquiries from earlier in the review cycle, and the Company had submitted responses to each request prior to receipt of the complete response letter.

"We are disappointed with the FDA's determination and, next week, plan to request a type A meeting to discuss its response. Following that meeting, we will be in a better position to comment on the future of our Exelbine program. However, we believe the authenticity of the drug products used in the pivotal study is verifiable and plan to discuss FDA's concerns in this regard. We also will inquire whether FDA has comments to our previously submitted responses," said Brian M. Culley, Chief Executive Officer of ADVENTRX.

"In the meantime, our resources and focus are on ANX-188 and ANX-514, which we believe are the long-term value drivers for our company. Our cash and equivalents of $40.7 million at July 31, plus cost savings from delaying or potentially discontinuing the Exelbine program, will provide us the capital to continue to advance both of these programs," Mr. Culley added.

The Company believes that FDA's concern over drug product authenticity stems from the procedures used to select testing and reserve samples in Study 530-01 and the availability of testing and reserve samples for inspection. The Company believes the procedures used to select testing and reserve samples in Study 530-01 were adequate to verify the authenticity of the drug products. Of note, Exelbine and the reference product come in different package presentations, require different preparation procedures and have different physical characteristics. Based on the different characteristics between the study drugs, the Company believes it is unlikely that study sites would confuse the two study drugs or fail to recognize which drug was being administered to a patient.